In the basin of the Trombetas river there are about 20 maroon communities, created by slaves who have fled more than two centuries of the cacao plantations. These communities virtually lived isolated from the rest of the country until exploratory studies for electric power generation began in the 1970s. The Cachoeira Porteira hydroelectric plant has even been included in a map of Brazil, as shown in the figure below. The original project intended a generation capacity of 2.350 MW, which would rank it among the ten largest hydroelectric plants in Brazil. Fortunately, the plans of this construction did not go ahead, allowing us to be here today to enjoy this unusual place. However, in 2014, the Ministry of Mines and Energy started the energy inventory of the region again.
This region of the Trombetas has a population estimated at about 10,000 people, and covers several indigenous ethnic groups such as wai-wai, kaxuyana and tunayana. During the centuries of isolation, the maroon communities lived mainly from extractivism, especially from cacao and more recently from Para nuts. The existence of the Community of Cachoeira Porteira has been documented since 1778, with records of slaves in the cacao plantations in the lower Amazon region and of the Trombetas between 1823 and 1870. More information about this region can be found at the following websites:
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Cachoeira Porteira, Oriximiná | Pará - Brasil
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Desenvolvido por Matheus Salviano